World Fair of 1929 on Montjuïc Hill

The iconic hill of Montjuïc has always been an important place in the 2000 years old history of Barcelona. Already during Roman times it served as a natural watch tower to spot early on if enemies were approaching the city. In the course of the centuries several fortress were erected on top of the hill.

In addition, it was the quarry for many building projects in Roman and in medieval times. For example, the church of Santa Maria del Mar in the El Born district was completely constructed with stones from the hill.

The name Montjuïc actually means Jewish mountain in old Catalan. As Jews were not allowed to bury their dead within the city walls the Jewish graveyard was located on the hill. Nowadays, the famous Cemetery of Barcelona is located on the top of the hill with more than 150,000 plots. 

In 1929 the World Fair was held on the Montjuic which led to an immense development of the whole area with a long lasting impact. Not only the sports stadium was built that later served as Olympic Stadium in 1992 but also the Spanish pavilion – a palace like building – sitting enthroned over the exhibition ground. Today it houses the Museum of Catalan Modern Art.

Close by you will see the famous Magic Fountain of Barcelona, an important tourist attraction of the city. All around the year, several times per week, there will be a light and music show with the grand highlight of a pyromusical show during Barcelona´s Festive Day of La Mercé. Check out the show times of the Magic Fountain here.

Olympic Games of Barcelona in 1992

During the 1960s parts of Montjuïc formed the slums of Barcelona. People settled along the slopes and built shackles without any connection to water or electricity. These slums and those along the beach and other areas in Barcelona were sign for the extreme poverty of the city during the dictatorship year. Only an extensive housing programme launched by the dictator finally created a lot of decent houses for the population of the Catalan capital.

The revival of Montjuïc Hill came with the Olympic Games of 1992, a game changer of Barcelona that marked the start of mass tourism. The complete hill was restructured and it became the Olympic Hill with the Olympic Ring and Stadium on top. Many parks were realised that make the hill nowadays an important green lung for Barcelona.

What to do in Barcelona

Use the cable car from the harbour to Montjuïc Hill. It was built for the World Fair of 1929, however, was not ready on time. From the cabin you have spectacular views and it saves you some time to climb up the hill by foot.

Visit the Botanical Garden on Montjuïc Hill – a beautiful park and a peaceful retreat in the middle of the bustling city.

Book a private tour with The Barcelona Feeling over Montjuïc Hill and learn about the historic significance and the Olympic history of the mountain during this three hours walking tour.

The exhibition center of Barcelona “FIRA” was constructed for the World Fair of 1929.

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